BETULA POPULIFOLIA (gray birch) - Single Plants
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This offering is for single plants of this variety growing in 2.5 inch containers. Various quantity price breaks are available.




The gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. It also tolerates poor soils. It is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Performs best in cool northern climates where summer temperatures rarely exceed 75 degrees F. and where shallow root systems are generally covered with snow throughout the winter. In optimum growing conditions, plants will easily spread by suckers.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (2) its long-pointed triangular green leaves. Triangular leaves (each to 3” long) are double-toothed and shiny with tapered tips. Fall color is usually undistinguished. Tiny monoecious flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree: yellowish-brown male flowers in single catkins (to 4” long) at the branch tips and greenish female flowers in smaller, upright catkins (to 1/2” long). Female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. Plants have rough-warty twigs.

Zone: 3 to 6
Height: 20 to 40 feet
Spread: 10 to 20 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Yellow-brown (male) and green (female)
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: High
Suggested Use: Naturalize, Rain Garden
Flower: Showy
Other: Winter Interest
Tolerate: Deer
  • Item #: HHN-PNL0012

BETULA POPULIFOLIA (gray birch) - Single Plants

Price: $16.74
10 or more: $11.16 each
16 or more: $8.79 each
32 or more: $6.28 each
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Availability: In-Stock
# Available: 16
Qty: *